One of the most powerful manifestations of God’s sovereignty over all the events which transpired in the history of the Jewish people is a unique, twofold covenant with Abraham commonly referred to as the Abrahamic Covenant and the Land Covenant. That particular event, according to the Old Testament, took place about the years 1945 B.C. when Abraham was about 75 years old.
The Abrahamic Covenant guarantees the physical descendants of Abraham permanent existence as a nation throughout the history and also that those who bless the Jews will receive blessings whereas those who curse them will experience curses. In order to support such a view the Orthodox Jewish Rabbis most frequently choose the following fragment of the Old Testament:
NOW the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee:
And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. (Genesis 12:1-3)
Israelites can indeed boast of their 4000 years old history as a nation, it remaining one of the oldest nations in the world. There were a number of ancient civilizations which ultimately perished and lost their identity long time ago such as the Incas, the Aztecs or the Maians. With the establishment of the modern state of Israel on 14th May 1948, the Jewish people were able to preserve their own ancient religion, language and customs.